The longstanding rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia has been fueled by a complex web of regional and sectarian tensions, geopolitical ambitions, and competition for resources and influence.

These differences have been further exacerbated by their differing ideologies, with Iran being a Shia Muslim theocracy and Saudi Arabia being a Sunni Muslim monarchy. As a result, the two countries have supported opposing factions and proxies in various conflicts across the Middle East, including in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, and Lebanon, leading to a proxy war in Yemen and a series of attacks and sabotage incidents in the Gulf region.

Read here to know if given India’s long-standing relationships with most of the Gulf states, and the large Indian diaspora in the Middle East, will India be able to replace China as the more reliable partner and mediator?

Produced by Anna Priyadarshini

Sound Mix by Sachin Dwivedi

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